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What is IVF and how does it work ?

IVF Treatment Cost in India, Fertility Treatment in Mumbai, Infertility Clinic in Mumbai.

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) literally means 'fertilisation in glass' giving us the familiar term 'test tube baby'.Since the birth of world's first test tube baby by in vitro fertilization, it has given relief to many couples who are unable to conceive. The first IVF baby was born in UK in the year 1978. Within three months, Kolkata based doctor announced birth of the second IVF baby in the world (and obviously the first IVF in India). Thus IVF in India has a come a long way and the techniques have increasingly improved, elevating the status of IVF in India on the world stage.

Gynaecworld offers the best fertility treatment in the busy city of Mumbai. More often than not, fertility treatment is cumbersome, hectic and draining. This is the reason why we, at Gynaecworld, have tried to get all services needed for fertility treatment under one roof in South Mumbai. Gynaecworld is one of the leading infertility clinics in Mumbai, with success rates matching the best centers countrywide. As an infertility clinic, it provides comprehensive care to the infertile couple. All the facilities, namely laboratory and ultrasound , egg pick-up, embryo transfer, are done under one roof. This makes our infertility clinic a unique one, as patients do not have to travel around in the traffic of the city of Mumbai, getting their tests done. During the IVF process, eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilized with sperms in the laboratory. The fertilized egg (embryo) is later placed in the woman's womb.

Is IVF for me?

A clinic may recommend IVF as your best treatment option if:

  • You have been diagnosed with unexplained infertility
  • Your fallopian tubes are blocked
  • You have been unsuccessful with other techniques like using fertility drugs or intrauterine insemination (IUI)
  • there is a minor degree of male subfertility - more severe problems are treated with intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

IVF treatment cost in India

IVF treatment cost in India is amongst the most cost effective in the world. There are a number of destinations all over the world where medical tourism has increased options for the interested individuals. Amongst all these nations providing medical tourism and IVF treatment in particular, IVF treatment cost in India is amongst the least you can pay anywhere. But even if IVF cost in India is that cheap, couples interested in finding an IVF clinic in India, should first study all the available options. Any IVF clinic in India can claim to be the best, but you should verify their credentials, have a look at the facilities, inquire about their record and discuss all the required information.

How does IVF work ?

IVF techniques can differ from clinic to clinic, often depending on your individual circumstances. A typical treatment may involve:

  • Step 1 : OCPs
    A course of on oral contraceptive pills (birth control pill) which continues for about 3 weeks, following which you get your periods

    As a first step you may be given a drug to suppress your natural cycle.

    Treatment is given either as a daily injection (which is normally self-administered unless you are not able to do this yourself) or a nasal spray. This continues for about two weeks.

    Step 2. Boosting the egg growth

    After the natural cycle is suppressed you are given a fertility hormone called FSH (or Follicle Stimulating Hormone) or human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG). This is usually taken as a daily injection for around 12 days.

    This hormone will increase the number of eggs you produce - meaning that more eggs can be fertilized. With more fertilized eggs, there is a greater choice of embryos to use in your treatment.

    During this treatment your egg growth is monitored by serial sonographies and blood tests.

    Step 3. Giving the ovulation trigger

    This injection helps in final maturation and ovulation of the eggs.

    Step 4. collecting the eggs(Ovum pick up)

    Eggs are usually collected by ultrasound guidance under sedation. This involves a needle being inserted into the scanning probe and into each ovary through your vagina while you are under anesthesia.

    The eggs are taken out and immediately passed on to the embryologist.

    Cramping and a small amount of vaginal bleeding can occur after the procedure.

    Step 5. Fertilising the eggs

    Your eggs are mixed with your partner's or the donor's sperms and cultured in the laboratory for 16-20 hours. They are then checked for fertilization.

    Those that have been fertilised (now called embryos) are grown in the laboratory incubator for another one - two days before being checked again. The best one or two embryos will then be chosen for transfer into your womb either on 3rd or the 5th day.

    Step 6. Embryo transfer

    The number of embryos that are transferred into your womb is restricted because of the risks associated with multiple births. Remaining embryos may be frozen for future IVF attempts, if they are suitable.

  • Step 1. Collecting sperm

    Around the time your partner's eggs are collected, you are asked to produce a fresh sample of sperm.

    This is stored for a short time before the sperm are washed and spun at a high speed. This is so the healthiest and most active sperm can be selected.

    If you are using donated sperm, it is removed from frozen storage, thawed and prepared in the same way.

    Cost of IVF

    The cost of Assisted Reproduction varies from country to country. The cost of IVF in India is truly one of the lowest in the world. Even though all the consumables such as catheters, needles, media etc required for IVF or ICSI are imported from abroad and have a short shelf life, yet the cost for IVF in India is lesser than in the countries where these products are manufactured themselves. Inspite of this the cost of IVF is lower compared to other countries even though we offer the best of services and medical technology in India. Our Centers in India are equipped with the best of equipment and our staffs have good communication skills in English, making our clients from abroad very comfortable./p>

    IVF Success Rate in India

    At Gynaecworld, we offer all the services related to Assisted Reproduction ie. IVF, ICSI etc. under one roof. This is one of the unique centers in Mumbai offering all services with a success rate matching any other successful Center in India. The success rate of IVF varies with the type of patients a Center deals with. If we follow the Recommendations made by the Indian Council of Medical Research, which we in India are expected to follow, ie not replacing more than three Day 3 embryos, then our success rates of IVF would match those countries where all IVF Centers are monitored by strict rules. But if a Center does not follow these rules and regulations, then IVF success rates in India could be higher but associated with the complication of a higher multiple order pregnancy rate ie. increased number of triplets, quadruplets etc. If there are multiple pregnancies fetal reduction is carried out which is an invasive procedure which may lead to the loss of the entire pregnancy in 2-3 % of patients. Hence we strongly believe in avoiding the transfer of a larger number of embryos more than those recommended by the ICMR.